In this blog:
- Free online screening and panel discussion of the “Doctrine of Discovery: Unmasking the Domination Code,” Sunday
- Exxon writes off Canadian tar sands oil reserves, one more reason to Stop Line 3
- Call senators Klobuchar and Smith and ask them to Stop Line
Free online screening and panel discussion on “The Doctrine of Discovery: Unmasking the Domination Code” Sunday
The landmark U.S. Supreme Court case Johnson v. McIntosh was issued Feb. 28, 1823, 198 years ago this Sunday. Little known outside of legal circles, it set the foundation for Indian law in this country. It adopted into U.S. case law the 15th Century belief in the Doctrine of Christian Discovery, which effectively said European monarchs owned the land by right of discovery, not the original Indigenous inhabitants.
To mark the decision’s anniversary, a group called RedThought.org will host a free screening of the hour-long documentary: “Doctrine of Discovery: Unmasking the Domination Code,” produced by Sheldon Wolfchild (Dakota) and based on research by Steven Newcomb (Shawnee/Lenape), author of Pagans in the Promised Land. A two-hour panel discussion will follow, including Woldfchild and Newcomb.
The event will start on Sunday at 3 p.m. CST. Registration is required. Register here.
This event kicks off a two-year education campaign about the Doctrine of Christian Discovery.
Other panelists are Buffy St. Marie (Cree); Dr. Luis Rivera Pagan, a theologian from Puerto Rico; Peter D’Errico, professor emeritus, UMass Amherst; Shawn Bluestar Newcomb (Shawnee/Lenape/Azteca); and Steve Schwartzberg.
The Doctrine is based on a series of 15th- and 16th-Century Papal edicts. They provided European monarchs the religious and legal justification to claim ultimate dominion over lands “discovered” by their explores, unless other Christians already had claimed it.
In the Johnson v. McIntosh decision, the court wrote that European monarchs considered the Indigenous peoples, “as a people over whom the superior genius of Europe might claim an ascendency.”
Since the United States had now kicked European powers out of the country, it claimed the lands under the same argument.
As the Native Voices website explains:
In Johnson v. McIntosh, the Supreme Court under Chief Justice John Marshall upholds the McIntosh family’s ownership of land purchased from the federal government. It reasons that since the federal government now controls the land, the Indians have only a “right of occupancy” and hold no title to the land.
I’ve seen the documentary several times and highly recommend it.
Exxon writes off Canadian tar sands oil reserves, one more reason to Stop Line 3
Yahoo Finance reports that Exxon Mobile has written off 98 percent of the value of its Canadian tar sands crude oil reserves, “in a sweeping revision of worldwide reserves to depths never before seen in the company’s modern history.”
This means that almost all the tar sands oil reserves Exxon owns are worthless, given the current price of oil. They wouldn’t be profitable to develop. (If oil prices go back up, they could put the oil sands back on the books.)
This is yet one more argument to Stop Line 3. The Minnesota Department of Commerce is currently in court suing to reverse Line 3 permits, arguing Enbridge failed to prove future oil demand justified building the new and larger pipeline. And Commerce began making this argument before the pandemic that triggered the drop in oil demand.
Exxon Mobile is the sixth largest oil company in the world, and the largest based in the United States. “The blow to future production potential comes just weeks after Exxon posted its first annual loss in at least four decades,” the story said.
Call senators Klobuchar and Smith and ask them to Stop Line 3
This from MN350: The fastest way to stop Enbridge Line 3 is for President Biden to revoke federal water permits granted under the Trump Administration. Despite taking strong action to block the Keystone XL pipeline, Biden still needs convincing on Line 3.
Nearly 40 Minnesota state legislators have signed a letter demanding that Biden stop Line 3. U.S. Rep. Ilhan Omar has sent him a similar letter.
Minnesota senators Tina Smith and Amy Klobuchar, haven’t taken a public position yet. Call and ask them to protect the people, land, and water of Minnesota by demanding President Biden stop Line 3/
You can reach Senator Smith at 651-221-1016 and Senator Klobuchar at 612-727-5220.