On this day in history, March 11, 1863, Ojibwe leaders signed a treaty with the United States, acknowledging the Mille Lacs Band for its role in backing the United States in the Dakota-U.S. War.
The treaty also:
- Ceded additional Ojibwe lands to the United States.
- Bribed Ojibwe treaty signers with special one-time payments and houses.
- Defined — in U.S. terms — what it meant to be an Ojibwe Chief.
- Appointed Christian leaders to oversee annuity payments.