The Battle of Hayes Pond; The Battle of Bayou Bridge; and Enbridge’s Fingerprints on Minnesota Pipeline Regulations

Here are a few weekend reads:

  • Remembering the Battle of Hayes Pond, when the Lumbee Nation routed the KKK
  • Touching base on the Battle of Bayou Bridge in Louisiana, the southern extension of the Dakota Access Pipeline
  • How Enbridge shaped Minnesota’s pipeline regulations

The Battle of Hayes Pond

Armed skirmish at Hayes Pond, Jan. 18., 1958  (Photo: Fayetteville Observer newspaper/State Archives of North Carolina, shared by Wikimedia Commons)

A story in the Progressive Magazine recounts how in 1958 a Klan Wizard named James W. “Catfish” Cole planned a Klan rally to terrorize members of the Lumbee nation in North Carolina. Instead, Cole and other Klansmen ended up fleeing the conflict so fast that Cole himself left his wife behind.

According to the story:

Cole and other members of the KKK accused the Lumbee of being “mixed race” people, who were intermingling with African Americans and whites, and called for a rally “in the heart of that mongrelized Indian country.” …

Cole planned a rally, but it was short lived:

Before Cole could even begin his prepared speech, more than 500 well-armed men—Lumbee people, as well as members of the Tuscarora and Coharie tribes—began to emerge from the surrounding dark. He was accosted on the makeshift stage by one of the members of the tribe, a shoving match ensued, and one tribal member shot out the solitary floodlight. Others began shooting rifles into the air to disperse the crowd. “You didn’t know exactly what you were going to do when you got there, but you were excited about going,” remembered one Lumbee, Ray Little Turtle.

The story reports that the Lumbee showed more concern for Cole’s wife than Cole did. “The Lumbees even reportedly helped Mrs. Cole push her car out of the ditch where she had gotten it stuck during the panic.”

Click on the link above for the full story.

The Battle of Bayou Bridge

Just got an email with an update on the Battle of Bayou Bridge, the southern most extension of the Dakota Access Pipeline. Among the tactics to confront the project, water protectors are now “tree sitting” in the swamps where the pipeline is supposed to cross.

In the past few weeks water protectors also have had multiple lock-downs to stop the pipeline construction. You can watch short videos of two recent actions here and here.

Enbridge Helped Craft Minnesota’s Pipeline Regulations

Last May, EcoWatch published a story on how Enbridge helped write Minnesota’s pipeline laws, putting local Minnesota concerns in the backseat to corporate interests. The piece was headlined: How Enbridge Helped Write Minnesota Pipeline Laws, Aiding Its Line 3 Battle Today.

According to the article:

At one point in its application to build the new Line 3, Enbridge listed all the federal and state laws that regulate the permitting and construction of pipelines. Nearly all the Minnesota laws originated in one 1987 Senate bill: S.F. 90.

This bill was accompanied by unprecedented pipeline industry lobbying—led in spending by Enbridge—and included subtle but major handouts to pipeline companies. One such provision imposes a sweeping limit on the public’s ability to oppose new pipelines, including the Line 3 replacement project. …

Perhaps S.F. 90’s largest handout was the overhaul of Minnesota’s routing and permitting process. Before 1987, counties and towns could use zoning to exert some control over the routing and permitting of pipelines (how and where they were built), but S.F. 90 preempted local zoning of pipelines, a measure with implications for the Line 3 battle today. Instead, a new pipeline would require only a single routing permit, issued by the Environmental Quality Board, an authority which shifted to the Public Utilities Commission in 2005.

Click on the link above for the full story.

One thought on “The Battle of Hayes Pond; The Battle of Bayou Bridge; and Enbridge’s Fingerprints on Minnesota Pipeline Regulations

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