On this day in history, October 7, 1763, King George III of Great Britain issued a Royal Proclamation giving the Crown a monopoly on all future land purchases from American Indians. According to Wikipedia, the proclamation followed the end of the French and Indian War, which concluded with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. (The end of the war was a blow to Native Americans, who had sided with the French.) Under the Treaty of Paris, France ceded to Great Britain the lands it had claimed east of the Mississippi.
According to Wikipedia:
The proclamation created a boundary line (often called the proclamation line) between the British colonies on the Atlantic coast and American Indian lands (called the Indian Reserve) west of the Appalachian Mountains. The proclamation line was not intended to be a permanent boundary between white and Aboriginal lands, but rather a temporary boundary which could be extended further west in an orderly, lawful manner.
According to the website ushistory.org:
[The Proclamation of 1763] asserted that all of the Indian peoples were thereafter under the protection of the King. It required that all lands within the “Indian territory” occupied by Englishmen were to be abandoned. It included a list of prohibited activities, provided for enforcement of the new laws, and indicted unnamed persons for fraudulent practices in acquiring lands from the Indians in times past.
Click on the links above for more history.
A Misplaced Massacre: Struggling Over the Memory of Sand Creek
Ari Kelman, the McCabe Greer Professor of History at Penn State University, spoke Oct. 1 at the University of Minnesota on the Sand Creek Massacre. A 53-minute video of his talk is now available online. (Kelman begins speaking around the five-minute mark.)
The event was sponsored by the Institute for Advanced Studies, which wrote the following to promote the lecture:
For more than a century and a half, the Sand Creek Massacre has been at the center of struggles over history and memory in the American West: from the government investigations launched in the massacre’s immediate aftermath; to the work of so-called Indian reformers, including Helen Hunt Jackson, writing late in the nineteenth century; to memorials erected in Colorado at the turn of the twentieth century and during the era of the Cold War; to the impact of popular histories, like Dee Brown’s Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee; to the recently opened Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site. Ari Kelman … will discuss the meaning and impact of the longstanding fight to shape and control memories of Sand Creek.
Winter Coat Drive at the Native American Community Clinic
As winter is approaching, help NACC give the gift of warmth to someone in need by donating gently used, good conditioned coats and winter gear.
When: October 5, 2015-October 30, 2015
Where: Native American Community Clinic, 1213 E. Franklin Ave. Minneapolis
Times: Monday-Friday 9 a.m.-5 p.m.
For more information or questions, contact Vincent at 612-872-8086 ext. 1042