On this day in history, Oct. 2, 1863, former Minnesota Gov. Alexander Ramsey engineered the “Old Crossings Treaty” in which the Ojibwe — at gunpoint — ceded land in the northwest corner of Minnesota and the northeast corner of North Dakota.
According to the Treaties Matter website:
Ramsey, who had resigned the Minnesota governorship to become a commissioner of Indian Affairs earlier in the year, arrived at the treaty site with nearly 300 troops and a Gatling gun. He presented the treaty as an agreement to allow businesses – notably Norman Kittson’s transportation companies – to pass through Ojibwe territory. But the treaty as written ceded 11,000,000 acres in present-day Minnesota and North Dakota to the U.S. The Ojibwe were to receive $20,000 per year for 20 years, and “Indian traders” – notably Norman Kittson — would receive up to $100,000.
(Minnesota’s most northwestern county is called Kittson County.)
Wikipedia provides a more background to the treaty. All this was taking place just a year after the Dakota-U.S. War, it said, and tensions, fear and rumors were running high.
Rumors of alliances between the Sioux and the Ojibwe were rampant, and fear of a sympathetic “insurrection” by the “whole body of the Chippewa” were widespread. …
It was against this backdrop of fear and intentional intimidation of the Ojibwe as part of the reaction to the Sioux Uprising, that Commissioner Ramsey resumed the quest to gain for United States development interests the territory of the Ojibwe bands in Northwestern Minnesota.
Click on the links above to get more details.
Climate Change and Social Justice: Actions at the Intersections
You are invited to attend an event on Monday, October 12, Indigenous Peoples Day, that will look at how various religious traditions think about stewardship and the idea of caring for creation. The event “Climate Change and Social Justice: Actions at the Intersections: will run 7-9:15 p.m. at Pilgrim Lutheran Church, 1935 St. Clair Ave., St. Paul.
Panelists include Healing Minnesota Stories’ Bob Klanderud, who is Dakota/Lakota. The event is free and open to the public. It is co-sponsored by the Saint Paul Interfaith Network, Interfaith Power and Light, and Pilgrim Lutheran Church.
For more, see: http://mnipl.org/calendar-new/mnipl-spin-series.html